The American Occupational Therapy Association executive board (1976) defines it as such: “The therapeutic use of work, self-care, and play activities to increase development and prevent disability. It may include adaptation of task or environment to achieve maximum independence and to enhance the quality of life.”
One’s occupation can therefore be defined as the way in which we occupy our time. Thus, our time is divided into three categories of activities in which we take part daily:
This is critical to understand the meaning of the term “occupation”. Occupation is how we spend our time; whether paid or unpaid, restful or fun, obligation or choice and that which fulfills us, gives us purpose, and allows us to interact with, be productive, and function in the world around us to the best of our ability.
Occupational therapists use a variety of treatments and activities to facilitate skills needed to complete tasks of daily living for infants, children & adults in need. These activities may require remediation in several areas including fine motor, visual motor, visual perceptual, sensory processing and self-care skills.
Doctors often recommend occupational therapy for clients who have been injured or have limitations from an illness, disease, or disability. Occupational Therapy (OT) may be needed any time a child has difficulty in any areas of daily living activities.
Doctors may recommend OT for children with:
Occupational therapists might guide clients through:
During a visit, an occupational therapist may:
Special Techniques: Aquatics, Pediatric Massage, Neuro-developmental Techniques, Sport Injuries, Yoga, Orthotics, Equipment Needs, Wound Care, Kinesiotaping, E- Stimulation, Hippotherapy
If, at any point in our lives whether present at birth or onset at a later time due to illness, injury or disability prevents us from effectively or independently functioning in one or more “occupational” areas, then Occupational Therapy can help to provide intervention which will help you or your child regain function, maintain level of functioning, or make accommodations for any deficits you may be experiencing.
Special Techniques: Sensory Integration, Animal Assisted Therapy, Listening Therapy, Kinesiotaping, E-Stimulation, Hippotherapy, Neuro-developmental Technique